Samarkand
  • We had a really good time in Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kashgar. All guides, drivers, accommodation and food was fantastic! We had plenty of positive experiences. The program worked perfectly and we are your happy customers.
    Assoc Prof Regine Wagner
    Visiting Fellow Flexible Learning Institute Charles Sturt University

  • We have had many guides in the course of our world travels, but never ever one any better than the guide from Roxana Tour He worked tirelessly for us night and day. His efforts for us were far beyond what would have been "good".
    Dr. Paul Hettinger
    Orlando, FL, USA 32818

  • I have been coming to Uzbekistan for 32 years and as a Tour leader for different companies, I can say that Roxana Tours is the best travel company in Uzbekistan I had in 32 years.
    Gary Wintz, LA
    Tour leader from ZOE and Mountain Sabeck

  • I wanted to drop you a quick e-mail thanking you for the outstanding tour you provided. From the time we arrived at Tashkent until we left, we had no problems and everything was first class.
    Richard L. Wolfel, Ph.D.
    Assistant Professor of Geography
    United States Military Academy
    West Point, NY 10996

  • I am indeed impressed and would like to Thank you from the bottom of my heart, in fact you have not only gained my respect and admiration, I salute your efficiency, not to say the least, I am grateful I am sure I would not be traveling again to Uzbekistan without you definitely involved in my itinerary.
    Saud A.Al Jaidah
    CEO/ Al Jaidah Intl. Doha, Qatar

Samarkand

Samarkand is the city of the blue domes.

None of the cities of Uzbekistan was awarded with so many titles and names.

Samarkand was founded nearly 3000 years ago on the fertile valley of Zerafshan River, in the protection of Zerafshan Mountains. The area was inhabited from times immemorial as the excavations revealed. Settlement of Neolithic period was found on the territory of modern Samarkand.

The earliest records about Samarkand were made by Greek historians due to campaigns of Alexander the Great in IV с BC.

Marakanda as Greeks named it, was one of the richest and the most important cities of Sogdiana, ruled by Sovereign. The conquest of Marakanda by Greeks was bloodless but later Samarkand was one of the centers of resistance shown to Greeks.

Samarkand developed rapidly during the II-VII cc AD, when the trade on the Silk Road was on it’s peak.

 

The Arab conquest which lasted throughout VII-VIII centuries  was disastrous for local Zoroastrian population. Many times population of Samarkand rose against the invaders and many times Arabs burnt the city to ashes. Finally peace came when Khalifat was established and Samarkand enjoyed the profits of  centralized governing, first from Bagdad, later from Bukhara, when Samanids established their independent state on the territory of Mowarounnahr. For 300 years Samarkand developed as the center of Enlightenment, Arts and Crafts.

In 1220 the Mongol Hordes brought destruction, chaos and death to Samarkand. The total population of the city was slaughtered, imprisoned and enslaved. When after more than 100 years, in 1334, the famous traveler Ibn Battuta, travelled to Central Asia, Samarkand was still in ruins. The recovery quickened during the rule of Timur, who made Samarkand his capital, and during whose rule Samarkand acquired the reputation of the most beautiful city of the world. Timur’s rule lasted for 35 years and all this period in Samarkand was marked by grandiose construction work fulfilled by artisans and masters from all the countries Timur conquered and unprecedented economic growth. Some of the best monuments of the period you can see still on Uzbekistan Tours. This tendency, though in lesser scale continued during the rule of his grandson Ulugbek, who was one of the greatest scholars of Central Asia. The remains of observatory of Ulugbek one can see on Uzbekistan Tour.

The Kings of Shaybanid dynasty in the XVI c, shifted capital to Bukhara and Samarkand started playing the role of the second city of the empire. The following period was marked by economic decline, internecine struggles of local lords and in the XVIII с Samarkand was in such despair that there left only around 40 families in the city. Amir of Bukhara Shahmurad repopulated Samarkand with population of more than 300 villages and towns from around Samarkand and the city revived again.

In 1868 Samarkand was occupied by Russian troops of General Chernyaev and became the administrative center of Zerafshan Region of Russian Empire. From this time on starts the Russian period in the history of the city, when the Russian quarter of the city was built and city was replanned and rebuilt and new districts of Samarkand acquired European look.   

In 1918 the Bolsheviks took over and  Samarkand became part of Turkestan People’s Republic which turned into Uzbekistan Soviet Republic in 1924. Samarkand was declared a capital of new Republic and it continued till 1930 when capital was shifted to Tashkent.

During the Soviet period Samarkand the second largest industrial, educational and scientific center of Uzbekistan.

In 1991 Uzbekistan declared Independence and since then Samarkand is enjoying revival.

Nowadays it is world known city with very unique history and monuments preserved.

 



Samarkand Hotels
Samarkand Sightseeings

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