Absheron peninsula. Located in Surakhani district (25 km away from Baku), UNESCO World Heritage Site “Ateshgah (FireWorshippers Temple)” is an ancient religious temple of fire worshipers built in 17th century. This castle-like place has been described by many foreign travelers and historians. It is one of the sacred places Zoroastrians (fire worshipers) used to visit and still do during their pilgrimage.
Translated from Azerbaijani language as “Burning Mountain”, Yanardag is a continuously flaming hill which just as Ateshgah is another sight worth visiting. Yanardag fire, height of which varies from 1 to 5 meters at different times, is caused by hydrocarbon gases coming out from below the surface. It is never extinguished, neither in snow nor in rain.
Day 1 - Baku And Absheron Peninsula
Program Tour starts with the view of Baku city, its harbor, boulevard zone and the Caspian Sea from Martyr’s Lane. Martyr’s Lane is a memorial park located on one of highest hills of the city, is composed of a tomb standing on an 8-pointed star crown of gold-framed glass dome. Elegant network decorating the walls of the tomb gives certain gentleness and air of transparency to the monument. Golden dome shining in nocturnal sky embodies the spirit of martyrs who have sacrificed their lives for the independence of Azerbaijan (time to be spent 40 min - 1 hour). We will now move to the Old City of Baku ”Icheri Sheher”, which is a rare pearl of ancient cultural heritage of Azerbaijani people. Also, it is the historical center of ancient Baku, the former capital of the State of Shirvanshahs and a millennial statehood of Azerbaijan. Here, in a small area of 22 hectares you can see hundreds of historic monuments. In 2000, ''The Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower
Day 2 - Baku - Shemakha -Sheki
Program After the breakfast departure to Sheki, which is in 320 km distance from Baku. The first stop will be at Diribaba mausoleum, which is an amazing historic sight – a huge solid structure carved in a rock in early 15th century. Continue driving to Juma Mosque (Friday Mosque) of Shamakhi city (120 km away from Baku) is the second earliest mosque built in Caucasus (year 743-744). As a result of serious damages and demolitions caused by earthquakes and battles, this mosque was reconstructed several times. After visiting the mosque, stop at a local private house to experience natural yoghurt making from cow milk. Guests will have a chance to witness the process of preparing a homemade yoghurt and butter in a clay churn. At the end they will taste these products including goat cheese and hot tandir bread prepared in a clay oven. Late at the day arrive in Sheki. Sheki Khan’s Palace is one of the major historical sites in Azerbaijan. Built in late 18th century as a summer palace, it is the only remaining structure from the larger splendid complex once surrounded by the fortress walls. Among its main attractions are the outstanding drawings and stained-glass windows, which are assembled as a puzzle without a single nail or usage of glue. One square meter of this artwork consists of 4.000 small parts and can range up to 14.000 in more complicated styles (time to be spent – 1 hour).Upper and Lower Caravanserais of Sheki (18th century) served as a temporary homes for traders who were passing by this city which was on one of the Silk Road routes. Both are huge magnificent structures consisting of more than 300 hundred rooms covering a total area of 6000- Upper Caravanserai and 8000-Lower Caravanserai square meters (time to be spent – 1 hour). Transfer to hotel, overnight in Sheki.
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