Shahrisabz
  • We had a really good time in Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kashgar. All guides, drivers, accommodation and food was fantastic! We had plenty of positive experiences. The program worked perfectly and we are your happy customers.
    Assoc Prof Regine Wagner
    Visiting Fellow Flexible Learning Institute Charles Sturt University

  • We have had many guides in the course of our world travels, but never ever one any better than the guide from Roxana Tour He worked tirelessly for us night and day. His efforts for us were far beyond what would have been "good".
    Dr. Paul Hettinger
    Orlando, FL, USA 32818

  • I have been coming to Uzbekistan for 32 years and as a Tour leader for different companies, I can say that Roxana Tours is the best travel company in Uzbekistan I had in 32 years.
    Gary Wintz, LA
    Tour leader from ZOE and Mountain Sabeck

  • I wanted to drop you a quick e-mail thanking you for the outstanding tour you provided. From the time we arrived at Tashkent until we left, we had no problems and everything was first class.
    Richard L. Wolfel, Ph.D.
    Assistant Professor of Geography
    United States Military Academy
    West Point, NY 10996

  • I am indeed impressed and would like to Thank you from the bottom of my heart, in fact you have not only gained my respect and admiration, I salute your efficiency, not to say the least, I am grateful I am sure I would not be traveling again to Uzbekistan without you definitely involved in my itinerary.
    Saud A.Al Jaidah
    CEO/ Al Jaidah Intl. Doha, Qatar

Shahrisabz

Shahrisabz the paradise.

Shahrisabz was founded 2700 years ago in the fertile southern slopes of Zerafshan Mountains.
The city of Kesh as historians named it, was the center of agricultural area and important city of Sogdiana. City was known to Greek soldiers of Alexander as Nautaka and it was the center of resistance to Greeks for nearly 2 years.
With Greeks came the Hellenistic influence and cult of Dionysius existed in the area for 300 years.
In the beginning of Arab period, Kesh hosted the famous Mukanna, who headed the guerilla war against Arabs and  who was finally trapped in the rocks near the city and defeated.
In the antique and early middle ages Kesh played the  role of trade city as it was an important stop on the Silk Road south of Samarkand on the way to India.
The real revival of Kesh started during the rule of Timurids.
Timur was born in a village only 18 km from Shahrisabz and it was the the place where he grew up. When Timur built his empire, Samarkand was his capital. But Timur had to pay the tribute to his hometown and Kesh became his second capital and the the new name  Shahrisabz (Green City) was granted to town.

In 1403 the Spanish ambassador De Clavijo travelled to Samarkand and his route passed through Shahrisabz. He wrote that Kesh was a very green city with majestic architecture, strong fortifications and a moat around the walls. By order of Timur there was built winter palace for his named Aksaray and burial complexes for his father and two sons, Jahangir and Omar Shaykh.
Later Shahrisabz was favoured by his grand son Ulugbek, who also contributed to the city.
In the 16th century infamous Shaybanid Khan Abdulla of Bukhara, who was envious about the fame of Timurids, ordered to destroy the city to the ground. Only few of the monuments were preserved.
The following 300 years were accompanied by political instabilities and economic crisis and Shahrisabz constantly declined.

In 1869 city was conquered by Russians though it remained as part  of Bukhara Khanate ruled by nearly independent governor.
From 1924 till 1991 it was part of Soviet Uzbekistan and developed into provincial town with 50000 of population. There were built cotton mills, winery, factory of traditional handicrafts and etc.
After the independence Shahrisabz  was completely renovated, its monuments were restored and it turned into one of the touristic centers of Uzbekistan and traditional handicrafts and souvenirs from Shahrisabz are exhibited in many artshops of the world.

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